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00:13   “Beginner’s paint”
00:45   Which colors to buy
01:14    Essential colors
01:33   Black and white paint
01:51   Additional colors
02:51   Types of palettes
03:07   Freezer paper palette

03:36   Painting mediums
04:50   Safe alternative to oil
05:10   Cadmium Colors
05:21    Brush care
06:29   Palette knives
07:00   Pencil sketch
07:40   Brush types

09:00   Underpainting
09:10   Complementary colors
09:56   Second layer of paint
10:28   Painting with a palette knife
11:00   Details
11:50   Varnishes
13:16   Finished painting
13:31   Bloopers

00:12    Dry time
00:46   Benefits of acrylic
00:56    Hazards of oil
03:13    Slowing/Extending dry time
03:35   Choosing colors
05:09   Black paint
06:05    White paint
06:47   Palette knives

08:14   Painting mediums
09:10   Oil brushes vs. acrylic brushes
10:24   Thumbnail sketches
11:36    Sketching in pencil or paint
13:03   Painting in layers
13:59   Painting takes patience
14:42   Painting with a cotton rag
15:47   “Fat over lean”

17:05   Clean up
17:45   Silicoil brush cleaning tank
20:10   Student grade, pro grade paint
22:31   Poor quality supplies
23:01   Brush techniques
24:04   Getting started with painting
25:42   There’s no wrong way to paint
26:52   Bloopers

Winsor & Newton

Materials provided by Winsor & Newton

Fredrix Canvas

Materials provided by Fredrix Canvas

Recommended Course
Sensory Playground

Recommended Course
Still Life Drawing in Crayon

Prompt

Set up a still life painting and paint from direct observation using acrylic paint.

Core Ideas

Composition, Color, Texture, Lighting

00:11   Which surface to use?
01:42   When to stretch a canvas
01:55   Archival surfaces
02:18   Canvas paper
03:45   Canvas boards
04:47   Pre-stretched canvases
06:03  Stretching your own
01:18   Acrylic gesso intro
08:10   Clear gesso intro
08:42   Rabbitskin glue intro
10:00   Types of canvas

01:33   Watercolor canvas
12:22   Stretching paper flat
13:30   Masonite & wood
14:14   Large scale canvases
16:03   Re-using stretcher bars
17:42    Assembling stretchers
19:38   Stretching canvas techniques
20:25   Canvas pliers
25:10   Applying gesso
27:52   Loose canvases: canvas keys
29:12   Sanding gesso

29:52   Stretching paper flat
34:16   Stretching paper on bars
37:53   Rabbitskin glue overview
38:46   Oil primer overview
40:03   Mixing rabbitskin glue
43:48   Applying oil primer
49:59   Cleaning up oil primer
51:10   Heavy duty stretcher bars
53:47   Assembling heavy duty bars
56:39   Very large scale canvases
57:58   Bloopers

Painting Surface Supplies

Pre-made surfaces
canvas paper, canvas board, stretched canvas

Stretching canvas on a stretcher bar frame
standard stretcher bars, staple gun, staples, canvas keys, canvas or linen, sandpaper, canvas pliers

Stretching paper flat on plywood
Rives BFK or watercolor paper or Fredrix watercolor canvas, china bristle brush, towel, large flat tray for water or bathtub, acrylic gesso, paper tape, 3/4″ thick plywood, utility knife

Stretching paper on a stretcher bar frame
standard stretcher bars, staple gun, staples, Rives BFK or watercolor paper or Fredrix watercolor canvas, china bristle brush, towel, tray for water or bathtub, acrylic gesso

Clear gesso on masonite/wood
W&N clear gesso, untempered masonite, 3/4″ thick plywood, other types of wood,  sandpaper, china bristle brush

Rabbitskin glue & oil primer
canvas or linen, rabbitskin glue, tablespoon measure, plastic container for rabbitskin glue, boiling water, oil primer, palette knife, gloves, linseed oil, china bristle brush, canvas pliers, standard stretcher bars, staple gun, staples, canvas keys

Taking a canvas apart
screwdriver or pliers

Heavy duty canvases
heavy duty staple gun, heavy duty staples, heavy duty stretcher bars, cross braces, canvas pliers

Acrylic Supplies

Art Supplies: Tall Plastic Container

A yogurt container works well

Partial Video Transcript, Acrylic Painting

“There are a lot of different kinds of paint to use and one of them that I think that gets overlooked is acrylic paint. The problem with it is that it’s usually the first paint taught and its on every high school art class. But, it’s not often examined or taught to the extent that it could be. So I think a lot of people have the mindset that acrylic is kind of like entry-level paint, it’s the starting paint.

There’s a lot of good qualities to it. It’s pretty quick drying so it’s easy to work with. Also, the plastic based nature of it, it’s very permanent. You don’t have to worry about toxins or chemicals or anything like that. With things that are a little bit more nuanced in it like blending mediums and different kinds of colors and how to mix them, acrylic can actually be a very workable medium.

The first question is, ‘what colors do I start with?’ Don’t just head there and get every color available. You’d be spending a lot of money and it gets you into the habit of not mixing your paint. It’s always good to start with a limited palette just to get a feel for the medium and see if you enjoy it. Then if you do, then you can get yourself some nicer series for colors and a wider range.

To start, there are just a few basic colors that are a great starter pack for any acrylic painting. Naples yellow definitely, pines gray, a richer red like a cadmium red or maybe an alizarin crimson, raw umber, burnt sienna, and then let’s throw in cobalt blue. It’s a little bit nicer of a blue but it’s worth it. I wouldn’t recommend your starting set including either black or white. Because it gets you into the habit of using black for shadows and white for highlights, which can really dull your paint and your color. You want to start getting into the habit of learning how to use things like Payne’s grey or naples yellow to brighten or darken things.

When you’re ready, a couple extra colors that are nice to have but not necessarily essential are permanent rose, which once you incorporate it, you’ll want to use nothing else. Cobalt green and there’s something called mixing white. Mixing white is a really cool element for acrylic paint where it doesn’t dull the color as much but it helps to lighten it a little bit.

Titanium white, which is another color to add if you really find yourself enjoying acrylic paint, is a very punch, strong white. The downside is, it does mute the colors. Of course that’s a great thing to use if you know how to use it. But, with any painting, you don’t want to start with something like titanium white in your palette because it’s too tempting to use it.

For example, if you’re painting a room like this and you’re looking at the white on the wall, it’s very tempting to not think about it and just go ‘That’s white, I’m going to paint it white.’ That problem happens all the time if you’re starting painting. If you’re painting your red apple, reach for the red. One of the things that a limited palette can do is train your eye to kind of see the more subtle colors in it.

Since acrylic paint dries so quickly and it’s so hard to get out, it’s not really a good idea to get a store bought plastic palette. The kind of thing I’d use for most other paints. You can go two routes. You can either get a more expensive and more permanent glass palette which you can have for years or you can use freezer paper. Freezer paper is terrific. It’s exactly the same material as those expensive temporary palettes you find at art supply stores, but it’s so so cheap and it’s simply just like wax paper. It’s a little bit glossy and it works really well for a short term temporary palette to just throw out when you’re done. Freezer paper is really great of course because it’s on a roll. So you can make your palette as large or as small as you want and you can always tear off a new sheet if your palette gets too busy or crowded.

Winsor and Newton makes really great mediums and blending tools that help with that. For example, they make a slow drying medium, which if you’re frustrated like I was that acrylic paint dries just too quickly, this is really good to incorporate in the palette for say mixing a large amount of a color and incorporating this to increase the longevity of that. It’s also really good to kind of add some transparency so you can do more layers and more washes over without watering it down with water.”

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