Portrait TRACK: Lesson 3


Paint a self-portrait from life, using only a palette knife.

painting from life

We understand that painting from life isn’t as easy or convenient as working from a photograph. However, painting from life provides the opportunity to observe colors and subtle shifts in those colors that you cannot get from a photograph.

Self-Portrait tutorial, Clara Lieu
Self-Portrait Drawing in Crayon

Photographs cannot capture the true experience of color in real life. Many areas that can be vibrant in real life end up looking very flat and dull in a photo. More on painting from life vs. photos

setting up a mirror & light

You’ll need to set up a mirror for this assignment, make sure the mirror is in a stable place. Or, you can put your phone into selfie mode and use that as a mirror.

Watch Prof Lieu’s demonstration on how to select a light and how to position it in a manner that will make the drawing process easy.


Jen K., Jen Noelle, Johanna, Ashley Tanelle, Raven Kushner

Natural light vs. Artificial light

Natural light produces cool highlights and warm shadows, while most artificial lights have warm highlights and cool shadows.

Choose whichever light is the best fit for you, but if you have never worked from natural light, we highly recommend trying it! Find a window that has soft, diffused light that will stay consistent as you paint. South light is very bright, but will change every 10 minutes and therefore is impossible to paint from.


Jenny Saville, Lucian Freud, Alice Neel

Hear from an Art Prof Student

I learned a portrait doesn’t have to be a stale, boring sitting pose but can tell a full story with emotion, with proper planning. I learned texture is crucial.

Sometimes you don’t have to draw every line, things can be hinted at or implied. I learned to push things further than you think they need to be pushed and you can always pull back if you need to later.

Jen Noelle
Self-Portrait Palette Knife Painting, Water Mixable Oils, Clara Lieu


  • The final artwork is not important in this prompt! In fact it’s very likely that you will end up with very sloppy, vague looking paintings.
  • Don’t worry about likeness, painting details, (you can’t get details with a palette knife) or making a good painting, that will get in the way of the experience of mixing colors.
  • The primary object is to focus on your mixing skills and really get to know your palette knife.
  • Often when we paint with brushes, we don’t use our palette knives nearly enough to mix colors, or as remotely aggressively as we can.
art media

This prompt is best suited to any opaque paint, like acrylic, oil, water mixable oils. Gouache and acryl gouache don’t tend to work well with a palette knife, and you’ll go through an absurd amount of paint which gets very expensive very fast.

If you don’t have paint, another option is soft pastel or oil pastels so you can draw with the side of the pastel. Oil pastels will be easier to use since they are not as powdery and messy. Don’t let yourself add details with the tip!

palette knives

There is no “correct” palette knife to get, every artist has their own preference. Plastic palette knives are less expensive, but they are thicker and less flexible than metal ones, and therefore are tougher to work with.

We recommend investing in a set of metal palette knives. The best way to choose one is to try out several shapes and see what works for you.


Visit these pages for specific supply lists: acrylic, oil, water mixable oils, gouache, acryl gouache, soft pastel, oil pastel.

Palette Knife Self-Portrait Paintings

See a painting demo of how to mix flesh tones using water mixable oil paints and a palette knife. Using exclusively a palette knife is an effective way to focus entirely on the color mixing process by removing the distraction of needing to address brush technique at the same time.

Painting a self-portrait from life, you’ll see how to observe colors in the skin. Demo by Art Prof Clara Lieu.

Light & Shadow in Portrait Painting

This video explain show lighting can be used in paintings to show form in a portrait. You’ll see how to break down the specifics of light and shadow: direct light, reflected light, shadow core, types of shadows, how light effects color. 

Lighting can establish a mood or narrative for a painting, and more. Lecture by Art Prof Clara Lieu.

Warm & Cool Colors

This video explains how warm colors and cool colors can be used to create mood and contrast in an artwork. While there are colors that are stereotypically seen as “warm” and “cool,” warm and cool colors are contextual, and is often times not as straightforward as it might seem!

Discussion led by Art Prof Clara Lieu and Teaching Artists Alex Rowe and Lauryn Welch.

Share Your Progress

Post your ongoing progress in the #artprof-tracks channel in our Discord, you’ll get support and feedback from out staff and the community!

Tag us on Instagram @art.prof with #artproftrack to show us what you make! We love sharing what you create in our Instagram Stories

As a free educational source, Art Prof uses Amazon affiliate links (found in this page) to help pay the bills. This means, Art Prof earns from qualifying purchases.